GMAT Verbal SC Practice-2

GMAT Verbal Online Practice – GMAT Coaching Classes Dubai

Rules of Sentence Correction – GMAT Verbal Class Part-2

II) Pronoun Agreement


Each pronoun must agree with the noun it replaces. The noun a pronoun replaces is called the antecedent.

Usage : 

  • The students were playing in their school.
  • The boy ate his breakfast.
  • The Queen gave her property to charity home.

There should also be an agreement between pronoun-noun , pronoun-pronoun and pronoun – gender .

Usage : 

  • If one wants to succeed , one has to work hard.
  • She works everyday and her hard work is appreciated.
  • Sam is studying well and his parents are happy about his performance at school.


A pronoun must clearly refer to only one noun. If it refers to more than one noun then there is an ambiguity.

Usage : 

  • Sam , Leo and Katy are playing in the garden and it felt thirsty .( wrong )
  • Sam , Leo and Katy are playing in the garden and they felt thirsty .( correct )

Rule 3 : Which

Which refers to animals and things 

Usage : 

  • The sheep, which were left to graze , never came back.
  • The bag, which was red in color, was lost.

Rule 4 :  That

That can refer to group and things. Sometimes that is used for people.

Usage : 

  • I have kept the bag that you gave me yesterday.
  • This is not the test that we recommend to students.
  • Most of the students that come to us are British nationals.

Rule 5 : Who 

Who is used for people or person.

Usage : 

  • We enrolled a girl who had 6 years of experience.

Exception : Who can be used for animals when the animal is treated as a person. 

Example :  

  •  The mouse, who is called Stuart in the movie, is cute .

Rule 6 :  In Which 

In which can be used for place , phenomenon , situations , and time period.

Usage : 

  • He lives in a village , in which there are no cars.
  • Can you tell me any institute in which the trainers are friendly ?

Rule 7 :  Who vs Whom

Usage : 

  • Who met you yesterday ? (Questioning the Subject )
  • Whom did you meet yesterday? ( Questioning the Object )

Rule 8 : That vs Which

That introduces what is called an essential clause in the sentence. Essential clauses add information that is vital to the point of the sentence.

Which introduces a non-essential clause which adds supplementary information. 

Usage : 

  • Please get me the book that is mine.
  • All things , which are not necessary should be avoided.


III) GMAT- SC- Parallelism 

Parallelism means using the same grammatical structure of words in a list to show that two or more ideas have the same function in the sentence.

Rule 1 : Parallel Structure

When connected words or phrases have the same grammatical function in a sentence.

Usage : 

  • I admire students who are honest, reliable , and sincere.
  • Sam likes playing guitar, singing hymns and dancing .
  • The kids played on the swing , the slide , and the seesaw.
  • Jasmine is simple , calm , and austere in her personality.
  • This car runs efficiently , quietly , and smoothly.
  • What you see is what you get .
  • Reading , writing , and speaking are important skills to learn.

Rule 2 : Some words appear in pairs and follow parallelism.

Usage : 

  • There is no competition between X and Y.
  • Both A and B 
  • Whether A or B
  • Not only A but also B
  • Either A or B



Rule 1 : RUN ON 

A run on sentence occurs when two complete sentences are connected together without a correct punctuation or a linking word.

Usage : 

  • He went to the grocery store he purchased vegetables. (Wrong usage )
  • He went to the grocery store. He purchased vegetables. (Correct usage )

Rule 2 : Comma Splice

A comma splice error occurs when two sentences are connected together only with a comma.

Usage : 

  • He went to the grocery store , he purchased vegetables.( Wrong Usage )
  • He went to the grocery store. He purchased vegetables. (Correct Usage )

Rule 3: How to fix a Run-on Sentence / a comma splice error ? 

Use a period / full stop : 

  • He went to the grocery store. He purchased vegetables.

Use a semicolon :

  • He went to the grocery store; he purchased vegetables.

Use a comma and a coordinating conjunction:

  • He went to the grocery store, and he purchased vegetables.

Use a subordinating conjunction:

  • Because he went to the grocery store, he purchased vegetables.

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